What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Aortic Dissection?

What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Aortic Dissection? The symptoms of aortic dissection are similar to other cardiac emergencies, including sudden severe pain and shortness of breath.

Aortic dissection is a life-threatening situation in which there is a tear within the layers of the wall of the aorta. The aorta is the major artery that carries blood out of the heart.

Symptoms of Aortic Dissection

The symptoms of aortic dissection can be similar to other cardiac emergencies as it’s a significant heart problem. You should call 911 if you experience any of these signs of aortic dissection:

These symptoms always constitute a medical emergency. Even if you are not experiencing an aortic dissection, you could be having a heart attack or stroke.

An Overview of Aortic Dissection

The aorta has three layers in its walls, the inner layer, middle layer, and outer layer. Think of the aorta as a pipe. If the inner layer of the pipe develops a tear or rip, the pressure of the heart pumping blood through the aorta will force some blood to flow between the inner and middle layers of the wall. A pool of blood will develop and press on the outer layer of the wall.

The reason they call this situation aortic dissection is that the flow of blood splits, or dissects, into two channels or “currents.” The two currents cause three things to happen.

Two Types of Aortic Dissection

The location of the tear in the aorta will determine whether it is a Type A or Type B dissection.

How the Doctors Diagnose an Aortic Dissection

Since aortic dissection symptoms are similar to those of many other severe cardiac emergencies, it can be hard for doctors to differentiate between these conditions. The patient needs immediate treatment for a chance at survival, and a correct diagnosis can make the difference between life and death.

Some of the distinguishing signs that can lead a doctor to suspect aortic dissection as opposed to a different cardiac condition are:

To confirm the diagnosis of aortic dissection and isolate the location for purposes of surgical repair, doctors often use imaging tests that are more sensitive than a standard chest x-ray. Physicians often use these types of imaging tests in these situations:

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